Medio Rural Agader
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“Oh, lejanas memorias de tierra lejana. […]
Tierra de maizales húmedos y sonoros […]
Oh, los hondos caminos con cruces y consejas […]
Oh, tierra de la fabla antigua, hija de Roma,
que tiene campesinos arrullos de paloma!”

Ramón del Valle-Inclán

 

The Jacobean Year of 2021 presents a unique opportunity to call attention to the richness and diversity of the villages and places of rural areas of Galicia, not only around the Camino de Santiago, but also in the rest of Galicia, Spain or Portugal. In preparation and in order to better exploit and maximize the economic impact of the Jacobean Year 2021 on the Galician rural economy, the Directorate General for Rural Development of the Department of Rural Affairs of the Xunta de Galicia, in cooperation with other Departments (tourism, economy, etc.) and international organizations has organized a conference on rural development and tourism, which will include issues related to land mobility (in cooperation with LANDNET), demographic, tourism (rural), trade in Galician agriculture products and rural women and entrepreneurship.

The Conference will take place in the Ciudad de la Cultura (City of Culture) in Santiago de Compostela from the 5th to the 8th of November 2019

Growing abandonment of rural areas

The abandonment of rural areas in both Galicia and the rest of Spain presents a growing problem. AGADER estimates that in Galicia there are about 700,000 hectares of abandoned land, which is equivalent to the area cultivated in Galicia, while in Spain the abandoned land represents 44% of the cultivated land. The rural exodus has lasted for many decades and only since 2004 about 100,000 hectares of arable land have been lost in Galicia.

The causes and results are multiple and very complex. However, the consequences are not only related to the physical abandonment of the land, but also to a decrease in economic and business activities and the deterioration of the environment and an increase in environmental risks.

Likewise, the abandonment of agricultural production is the cause and the result of a fragmentation of land tenure due to the lack of land mobility caused by cultural, social and economic reasons. All this prevents the necessary structural adjustment of the agricultural sector and the rural economy, as well as the development of a viable rural tourism and related activities.

Approaches to prevent abandonment and encourage the repopulation of rural areas

A more flexible and innovative approach and a multidisciplinary strategy are required to prevent the abandonment of land and agricultural activities and encourage the repopulation of rural areas. At the same time the growing globalization and European integration requires an economically viable, competitive and integrated agricultural sector in a circular and sustainable economy.

Sustainable rural development with its different support instruments and grants is the logical answer to this challenge both at Galician and global level. In addition, within the scope of the rural economy, proper management of land tenure, agricultural activities, traditions and crafts, culture and historical heritage are essential to prevent and combat the abandonment of land and entire rural areas. Interlacing the rural world and agriculture with the possibilities offered by tourism would open a path for economic development and business activities based on innovation and private initiative.


Conference organized in cooperation and with the support of:

CCXunta de Galicia. Información mantida e publicada na internet pola Xunta de Galicia.
Aviso Legal    Atendémolo/a